A variety of gynecologic cancers can affect your reproductive system, which consists of the uterus, vagina, ovaries and fallopian tubes. The uterus is a hollow, muscular organ and the fallopian tubes and ovaries are located on each side of the uterus.
Gynecologic cancer is any cancer that starts in one of your reproductive organs.
The most common types of gynecologic cancer are:
Each gynecologic cancer is unique and can have many signs, symptoms and risk factors. It is important to get regular gynecologic exams since treatment is more effective when the cancer is found early.
If you are facing gynecologic cancer, your doctor will recommend the best treatment plan for you based on the location and stage of the cancer, as well as your overall health.
If you have a gynecologic cancer - such as cancer of the uterus or cervix - your doctor may recommend a hysterectomy (removal of your uterus). Hysterectomy is a common procedure. An estimated one third of all US women have a hysterectomy by age 60. While this figure is lower in many other countries, it is still a common procedure worldwide. A hysterectomy may be performed with open surgery or minimally invasive surgery.
da Vinci Hysterectomy is the #1 minimally invasive hysterectomy performed in the United States.
Open Surgery: With open surgery, doctors operate through a long vertical incision (from the pubic bone to just above the navel). The incision must be large enough for your surgeon to fit his or her hands and instruments inside your body. Open surgery allows doctors to touch your organs as they operate.
Minimally Invasive Laparoscopic Surgery: A hysterectomy can also be performed using minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery. This means your surgeon operates through a few small incisions in your abdomen using long instruments and a tiny camera. The camera sends images to a video monitor in the operating room to guide your surgeon during the operation.
Minimally Invasive Robotic Surgery: There is another minimally invasive surgical option for women planning to have a hysterectomy: da Vinci® Surgery. da Vinci Hysterectomy is the #1 minimally invasive hysterectomy performed in the United States.
Using the da Vinci System, your surgeon makes a few small incisions - similar to traditional laparoscopy. The da Vinci System features a magnified 3D HD vision system and special instruments that bend and rotate far greater than the human hand. These features enable your surgeon to operate with enhanced vision, precision, and control.
As a result of da Vinci technology, da Vinci Hysterectomy offers the following potential benefits as compared to traditional open or laparoscopic surgery:
- Lower complication rate
- Less blood loss during surgery
- Less chance of surgeon switching to open surgery
- Less need for narcotic pain medicine after surgery
- Shorter hospital stay
Data and content provided in partnership with Intuitive Surgical.