About Spine Surgery
The spine is a complex structure that provides mobility and strength to the body. A healthy neck and back contribute to fluid movements, but, when there is a deformity, injury or disease of the spine, common activities, such as turning, bending or stretching, may become painful.
Spine surgery may be necessary to correct spine problems that involve nerves, discs, or bones. Neurological or orthopedic conditions can cause pain, limited motion, or weakness. At Johnston-Willis Hospital, our team performs a wide array of specialized spine surgeries and procedures, including pediatric care.
There are three main types of back surgery:
- Spinal fusion
Symptoms and Diagnosing
Potential spine issues include:
- Back pain
- Neck Pain
- Disc disorders
- Spinal arthritis
- SI Joint Pain
- Spinal stenosis
Surgeons use a variety of diagnostic tests to help identify the specific nature of your spinal condition. Diagnostic tests include:
- Blood tests
- Bone scan
- Computed Tomography (CT scan)
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
- Nerve studies
Treatment and Surgical Options
Spine surgeons stabilize joints, decompress pinched nerves, fuse bones and correct deformities–all through a few small incisions. This means:
- Less pain and scarring, as surgeons don't need to retract, cut or move muscles to reach the spine
- Faster recovery, as patients experience dramatically shorter hospital stays–typically ranging from less than a day to two days, instead of four or more days
In minimally invasive surgery, a tiny camera on a thin tube is inserted through a small incision to reach the injured or diseased area. The camera projects images onto a screen in the operating room so surgeons can view the area where they're working.
Benefits of Robotic Surgery
- Faster recovery time
- Less pain
- Less scarring
- Shorter hospital stay
Ask your doctor or medical team for additional support resources in your area.